Which flowers are edible and which will make you sick?

edible flowers

Not All Flowers Are Edible

Know The Facts Before Taking Chances With Your Food

Flowers are some of the most beautiful and beloved things in nature. They come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors, and can be used to bring a sense of beauty and joy to any environment. 

While flowers are often appreciated for their aesthetic appeal, theyre also important for their medicinal and therapeutic properties. Edible flowers in salads or on wedding cakes are also commonly used to elevate a culinary creation and add drama and excitement to a dish. That may make you think all flowers can be consumed in food. 

While some varieties of flowers are edible, that does not mean they are all safe to consume. 

In fact, most flowers that are sold in retail stores will NOT be edible even though you may read about them being included in salads or seen them on a wedding cake.  Why?

The primary reason why flowers are not for human consumption is that they contain toxins which can be harmful to our bodies. Some toxin occur naturally by variety, others are introduced when the flower is grown. 

Most flowers contain some level of toxins, which are typically produced as part of the natural defense mechanism of the plant. While these toxins may be beneficial to the plant, they can be poisonous to humans. The toxins found in flowers can range from relatively harmless compounds, such as essential oils, to more dangerous compounds, such as alkaloids or glycosides. Ingesting these compounds can cause a range of symptoms, from mild skin irritation to more serious gastrointestinal issues. 

Another reason why flowers are not for human consumption is that they may contain bacteria or fungi which can cause food poisoning.  While most flowers are not known to contain large amounts of bacteria or fungi, some flowers, such as sunflowers, may contain more than others. Ingesting these bacteria or fungi can cause a range of food poisoning symptoms, from nausea and vomiting to more serious issues, such as organ failure. 

Finally, flowers that are not specifically labeled for human consumption may have been raised using chemicals that are harmful to to humans. If you are looking for edible flowers are should go to a professional florist and have the flowers special ordered for your occasion. That way you can be sure you are getting a food grade product for you culinary project.

Ingesting a flower allergen can cause a range of symptoms, from a runny nose to itchy eyes to anaphylactic shock (requiring emergency medical attention).

COMMON FLOWERS YOU CAN NEVER EAT INCLUDE: daisies, daffodils, hyacinths, lilies, marigolds, roses, and sunflowers. These varieties are naturally toxic to consume and can never be included in a culinary project.

However, other varieties that are considered edible, may still be dangerous depending on how they are raised.

edible flowers for salads

These are the flowers that CAN be edible but keep reading to know when they are actually safe:

– Marigolds 
– Nasturtiums 
– Pansies 
– Roses 
– Squash Blossoms 
– Lavender 
– Hibiscus 
– Daylilies 
– Chrysanthemums 
– Violets 
– Carnations 
– Dandelions 
– Calendula

Before you included these edible flowers in your food, be sure they are raised specifically for human ingestion. These flowers are commonly produced as decorative varieties that are NOT suitable for human consumption. Always review the labeling to be sure you have purchased a version that has been grown for human consumption.

Unfortunately, most flowers are grown using very toxic chemicals. Some of these chemicals are to keep away pests as they grow, but other times the chemicals are used to preserve the flowers and keep them fresh before they are sold. When these chemicals are used on the flowers, they enter the flower and would make it unfit for human consumption. This would make an otherwise edible flower for salads completely inedible and, in fact, a dangerous addition to your salad. 

The best thing you can do is always buy edible flowers that are specifically grown for human consumption.

Where can you find flowers for human consumption? Some grocery stores do carry flowers for this purpose but it is uncommon. The best place to find flowers you can eat would be going to a florist and special ordering them for your occasion.

In conclusion, edible flowers still may not for suitable for human consumption because they can contain toxins, bacteria, fungi, and allergens which can be harmful to our bodies. It’s important to remember that even varieties that are considered “edible” may not be safe unless they have been grown specifically for human consumption. Always read the labels and ask a professional florist to order edible flowers to be sure you are creating a safe food project.

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